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11.15.2016 Schiaparelli Impact Site on Mars, Stereo
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06.29.2015 Mars Exploration Zone Layout Considerations
06.17.2015 Active High-Latitude Dune Gullies
06.03.2015 Crisp Crater in Sirenum Fossae
05.20.2015 Sedimentary Rock Layers on a Crater Floor
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03.25.2015 Pitted Landforms in Southern Hellas Planitia
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02.18.2015 Lava Flow Near the Base of Olympus Mons
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02.04.2015 Curiosity Rover at 'Pahrump Hills'
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01.16.2015 Components of Beagle 2 Flight System on Mars
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11.07.2014 Mars Orbiter Sizes Up Passing Comet
Dark Rimless Pits in the Tharsis RegionTwo dark, rimless pits are located to the northwest of Ascraeus Mons in the Tharsis volcanic region of Mars. These pits are approximately 180 meters (591 feet) and 310 meters (1,017 feet) in diameter. They are situated in the midst of a wispy, dark, boomerang-shaped deposit.
The pits are aligned with what appear to be larger, degraded depressions. The wispy deposit may consist of dark material blown out of the pits or from some other source.
Figure A and Figure B are close-ups of the two pits. These images have been highly processed to reveal the surface details within each pit. The eastern and smaller of the two pits (A) contains boulders and sediment along its walls and brighter, wind-shaped dune sediments on its floor. The larger, western pit (B) contains sediment and boulders with faint dune-like patterns visible on the deepest part of the floor. Both pits have steep eastern walls and more gently sloped western walls that transition gradually into the pit floor. Steep, resistant ledges containing boulders that overhang and obscure the pit floors form the eastern walls.
Careful study of the walls and floors of the pits, as well as of the surrounding terrain, will help unravel the complicated series of processes that must have been responsible for their formation and subsequent modification.
This image covers an area about 6 kilometers (4 miles) wide. It is one product from a Nov. 1, 2010, HiRISE observation catalogued as ESP_019997_1975, of an area centered at 17.2 degrees north latitude, 247.6 degrees east longitude. Other image products from this observation are available at http://hirise.lpl.arizona.edu/ESP_019997_1975.
NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter for NASA's Science Mission Directorate, Washington. Lockheed Martin Space Systems, Denver, built the spacecraft. The High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment is operated by the University of Arizona, Tucson, and the instrument was built by Ball Aerospace & Technologies Corp., Boulder, Colo.
Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/University of Arizona